Root canal treatment is offered by most dentists to patients who have severe tooth decay. Even though it appears to be a common procedure, it is often not explained to concerned patients.
The root canal is a funnel-like spot inside the tooth. It is filled with soft tissue and nerves that give life to the tooth. These tissues and nerves are collectively known as the pulp.
Severe tooth decay causes infection that can damage the surrounding gums and teeth. To save the affected tooth and its neighboring teeth from falling off, root canal treatment is suggested by dentists. Before we go any further, let me share this infographic that can help us all in understanding what a root canal involves.
In the event of severe tooth decay, a root canal may be necessary. The patient may be in severe pain, but by removing the pulp inside the canal, the pain and the infection can be eliminated. The removal process can be painful as well and it may add up to the agony that the patient is currently experiencing. Consequently, the dentist will first have to inject local anesthesia. As soon as the anesthesia numbs the infected tooth and the surrounding areas, the dentist can carry on with the procedure.
The dentist will drill a hole onto the tooth. The infected tissues and nerves will be removed through this hole. To remove the entire root system that could be lying deep into the gums, the dentist will need to dig deeper until the narrowest part of the root canal is reached.
Once the root canal is emptied, it will then be filled with a special type of cement. This cement serves as the pulp that will keep the treated tooth standing and functional. Often times, dentists suggest the application of a crown on the treated tooth. The crown can delay if not totally stop the crumbling of the pulp-less tooth.